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The Day Of Yirmiyahu And Shlomo

Written by Rabbi Yehoshua Alt, 3/8/2019

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The Day Of Yirmiyahu And Shlomo

The Maharsha (1555-1632) tells us that the three weeks that start from the beginning of Rosh Hashana correspond to the three weeks that begin with the 17th of Tamuz.[1] So, Tisha B’av correlates with Shemini Atzeres. Rashi tells us in regard to Shemini Atzeres קשה עלי פרידתכם; your departure is hard for me.[2] This is what it was for Hashem when the Beis Hamikdash was destroyed, which occurred on Tisha B’av. 


While the seven days of Succos parallel the Ushpizin- Avraham, Yitzchok, Yaakov, Moshe, Aharon, Yosef, and Dovid- Shemini Atzeres corresponds to Shlomo, says R’ Tzadok Hakohen,[3] the one who builds the Beis Hamikdash. This is what we are lacking on Tisha B’av. Indeed, the Rema Mipano[4] informs us that Shlomo- the one who builds Beis Hamikdash is reincarnated as Yirmiya- the one who laments over it. Furthermore, the Gemara states that when Tisha B’av or Erev Tisha B’av falls out on Shabbos (in which the fast of Tisha B’av is observed on Sunday), one may eat and drink all he needs and serve on his table all types of food evenכסעודת שלמה בשעתו; like the banquet of Shlomo in his time.[5]


The Maharal[6] (1526-1609) says Malchus Beis Dovid is similar to the moon and as it says כירח יכון עולם; like the moon it shall be established forever.[7] Just as the moon is קטן as it is called the מאור הקטן so is Dovid- ודוד הוא הקטן.[8] The father of Moshiach is Yehuda. He had Peretz and Zerach.[9] זרח signifies the sun as it means to shine. פרץ, on the other hand, represents the moon as it is פרוצה; breaks out. Who does Moshiach originate from? פרץ. Counting the generations from פרץ until צדקיה- when Malchus Beis Dovid ended- we come to the number 28. This corresponds to the 28 days the moon is visible,[10] as one day a month it is blocked by the sun. Is it any coincidence that we follow the lunar calendar! 


There are letters that are missing in the Torah which is caused by the Galus. These letters are the  יfrom ירושלים , א from כסא , ו from אליהו,  ו and ה from  י-ה-ו-ה.[11] Adding up these letters we arrive at a total of 28. This is the same numerical value as כח since in the future we will get our true, full strength back.
R’ Alt merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai Friedlander Ztz”l for close to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman Nechemia Goldberg. R’ Alt has written on numerous topics for various websites and publications. He lives with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim where he studies, writes and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching Jews of all levels of observance. 

[1] Maharsha, Bechoros 8a. Also Tzidkas Hatzadik, 171. It is interesting that the Maharsha founded a large Yeshiva supported by his mother-in-law. The Baal Shem Tov said of the Maharsha (Shearis Yisrael, chapter 6) that if the world knew his true holiness, they would lick the earth that is upon his grave. Parenthetically, the Maharsha wrote his Chidushai Halachos and Chidushai Agados on Gemara as two separate Sefarim although today it is combined into one.

[2] Bamidbar 29:36

[3] Pri Tzadik, Shemini Atzeres, 39. The last of the Ushpizin is Dovid who corresponds to the seventh day of Succos (Hoshana Rabba). So, Shlomo- his son- matches up with the next day- Shemini Atzeres.

[4] Gilgulai Neshamos, 48

[5] Taanis 29b. Orach Chaim 552:10. See Melachim 1, 5:2,3

[6] Chidushai Aggados, Rosh Hashana 25a, s.v. דוד. A fascinating story surrounds the engagement and marriage of the Maharal. When he was engaged to his future wife- Perel- his wealthy prospective father-in-law, R’ Shmuel Ben Yaakov of Prague, known as the rich Shmelke, promised to support him and his family. However, prior to the marriage, he became impoverished and thus unable to keep his promise. Hence, he told the Mahral that he had the liberty to find another match. Nevertheless, the Maharal said he would still marry her. However, due to their meager finances, the wedding had to be postponed. During this time, Perel opened a bakery. With the profits, she was able to sustain herself as well as her parents. Suddenly, one day a soldier on a horseback stuck a spear into a loaf of bread and carried it off. She begged him not to rob her of the bread since that was her means of support. The soldier then explained that he hadn’t eaten in 3 days since as it was wartime in addition to possessing no money on him. However, he gave her a shawl and said if he didn’t pay for the bread in 24 hours, she could sell the shawl.  Not returning for several days, she unfolded the shawl to see its worth and was stunned to discover it was lined with pure gold. She informed her future husband- the Maharal- about this. Now the wedding was able to take place! On a separate topic, although the Maharal is not known to many as a Halachist, he is quoted as such by the Bach, Magen Avraham, Taz, and others. The Maharal made such a profound impact that in 1917, the municipal government had a statue of the Maharal erected in front of the municipal building where it remains to this day.

[7] Tehillim 89:38

[8] Shmuel 1, 17:14

[9] Breishis 38:29-30

[10] Additionally, 28 is also the Gematria of כח; strength, since when Moshiach comes, that is when we will have our full strength. Even in the Galus, Hashem gives כח to his weary nation which has been persecuted and the like, as we say in the morning Brachos- הנותן ליעף כח; He gives strength to his weary nation.

[11] Eicha 1:7, Shemos 17:16, Vayikra 26:42 Rashi

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