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The Forgotten Jews

Written by Rabbi Yehoshua Alt, 14/3/2020

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Fascinating Insights—The Sefer (in English)

The Forgotten Jews

The Yalkut Shimoni[1] tells us when they were doing an accounting for the Mishkan, Moshe forgot about the 1,775 Shekalim that were for the hooks for the pillars…Indeed, the trop on ואת האלף[2] is an אזלא גרש since he forgot about these 1,775 Shekalim. These represent the forgotten Jews, the Jews of our generation,עקבתא דמשיחה.[3] These Jews—which are the last generation—correspond to the last month, the lowest, the month of Adar.[4] In Adar we read Megilas Esther. This alludes to the Jews of הסתרה, concealment from Divine Providence as in ואנכי הסתיר אסתיר פני, I will surely conceal myself from them, as it is in this Pasuk that the Gemara says Esther is alluded to in the Torah.[5]


                The Tur[6] tells us the 12 months correspond to the 12 שבטים. These low Jews correspond to the second Adar—a month which doesn’t correspond to a Shevet. Spelling out the letter וואו (which is a hook)—we see it has a Gematria of 13, as the 13th month has no corresponding Shevet. This is represented by the hooks—that which was on the outside of the חצר, courtyard (on which the curtains were hung), just as those Jews are on the outside.


                Just as the hooks serve as a connector as it connects the curtains to the Mishkan, likewise the second Adar connects these Jews. Indeed, the miracle of Purim took place in the second Adar, says the Yerushalmi.[7]


                Although these Jews seem lost, they still have hope since no Jew is ever lost as it says לבלתי ידח ממנו נדח, no one should be expelled from him.[8] This fundamental idea is alluded to in בנימין—the last Shevet, the one who correlates to Adar—the last month (according to the births of the שבטים since he was born last). בנימין are the first letters ofי-ה-ו-ה נשבע בלתי ידח ממנו נדח , Hashem swears that no one is banished from him.[9] Hashem loves even these low Jews as it says by the hooks וחשק אתם—He has a desire for them. In this month there is a special power to change and become attached to Hashem[10] as it is a time of ונהפוך הוא.

Rabbi Alt merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai Friedlander Ztz”l for close to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman Nechemia Goldberg. Rabbi Alt has written on numerous topics for various websites and publications. He lives with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim where he studies, writes and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching Jews of all levels of observance.

[1] Shemos 38, 415.

[2] Shemos 38:28.

[3] These are symbolic of the Jews rejected from the ענן, cloud (see Tanchuma Ki Seitzei, 10).

[4] The Imrei Emes points out המן is the same equivalent as חלבנה, 95, since he rules over those type of Jews.

[5] Devarim 31:18. Chullin 139b. The name אסתר is also related to סתירה, demolish, since she demolished the government of Haman.

[6] Orach Chaim 417.

[7] Yerushalmi  Megila 1:5.

[8] Shmuel 2,14:14.

[9] Emunas Itecha, Pikudai, תשמו.

[10] Purim is about wiping out Amalek. Who did they fight with? ויזנב בך כל הנחשלים אחריך, he struck those of you who were hindmost, all the weaklings at your rear (Devarim 25:18). That is, the spiritually low, as Rashi says those lacking strength because of their sin for the cloud ejected them from its protection of the Israelite camp. Hashem is even with the spiritually lowest in the month of Adar. This is shown in the name of the month as אדר is an abbreviation for אלפ, דל, רש—Hashem, the אלופו של עולם, master of the world (אלפ), is with the spiritually impoverished (דל, רש). This is also shown in the Megila where it says הקרובים והרחוקים, the Jews who are close to Hashem and those who are further (Esther 9:20).

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