A Rich Advancement
Shabbos is most coveted of
all days and as we say in the Shemoneh Esrei of Shabbos חמדת הימים, most coveted of days. It is a day we must look forward to.
This is meant in שמור את יום השבת, to anticipate Shabbos,
as שמור can mean to anticipate as in ואביו שמר
Yaakov looked forward to when it would come true. In a similar fashion, the Ohr
Hachaim interprets ושמרו בני ישראל את השבת.
For this reason, we say every day (at the Yom) היום
tells us that in regard to bringing in Shabbos,כל כמה
דמקדמינן ליה עדיף , the more we advance it the better, as it shows we cherish
Shabbos. Indeed, we sing in Friday night Zemirosוממהרים
rush to enter Shabbos. This shows Shabbos is beloved by him. The Shem Eliezer
comments on ביום השבת ביום השבת יערכנו that the two times it
mentions יום השבת refers to Shabbos and Tosefes (adding onto) Shabbos.
When we do this, יערכנו—it shows that we value Shabbos.
Among the benefits of
observing Tosefes Shabbos is that it has the ability to increase our
This is measure for measure as since when one extends the boundary of Shabbos
and narrowed the boundary of the weekday, Hashem extends his boundary and gives
him more Parnassa, when he is in a narrow strait.
In this way, R’ Menachem
Mendel Riminover explained עשה שבתך חול ואל תצטרך לבריות—we should make our Shabbos while it is
still weekday, meaning Tosefes Shabbos. Then, as it continues ואל תצטרך לבריות—we won’t need to come onto people to ask them for Tzedaka.
Likewise, R’ Noach
Lechivitzor would translate מאשר שמנה לחמו והוא יתן מעדני מלך, from Asher, his bread
will have richness and he will provide kingly delicacies.
The letters that precede אשר spell שבת as before an א is ב, before a ש is a ת and before a ר is ש. This refers to Tosefes Shabbos. From this, as the Pasuk
continues, one earns fat Parnassa—שמנה לחמו.
והוא refers to Shabbos itself where we will be rewarded in Gan Eden—יתן מעדני מלך.
Every moment of Tosefes
Shabbos is valued by Hashem. To fulfill Tosefes Shabbos—as the Gemara
says מוסיפין מחול על הקודש, add from the weekday onto the holy—it
has been recommended to accept Shabbos at least 10 minutes earlier than we
normally would. In this way we can merit the many Brachos this affords.
merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai Friedlander Ztz”l for close
to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman Nechemia Goldberg. Rabbi Alt
has written on numerous topics for various websites and publications. He lives
with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim where he studies, writes
and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching Jews of all levels of
See Rambam, Hilchos Shabbos
30:2. Concerning playing chess on Shabbos, R’ Moshe Feinstein (Igros Moshe,
Yoreh Deah, 3:15:2) writes that really it is not forbidden if one gets pleasure
from it. Still, it is surely better not to play because of ודבר דבר (See Shabbos 113). Also,
sometimes the one who loses is upset and then it is surely forbidden (See also
the Minchas Yitzchak 3:33:1 where he discourages chess).
After many years of being childless, a couple was finally blessed
with a child. However, their excitement soon faded as they were informed that
the baby boy was born with a hole in his heart which was threatening his life.
All the top doctors they went to didn’t help. The parents then traveled to the
Chofetz Chaim. The grandson that was attending to the Chofetz Chaim told his
grandfather the story of the infant boy with a hole in his heart and the danger
the baby is facing. The Chofetz Chaim told them, “I don't know why you traveled
so far to ask me for a Bracha as Shabbos is the source of
Bracha. Accept upon yourself to start Shabbos a bit earlier, glorify the
Shabbos a bit more than usual and you will receive the blessing you need from
Shabbos itself (See Shabbos 12a).” The parents followed the advice and
with Hashem's help the child was healed.