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Great Geula

Written by Rabbi Yehoshua Alt, 11/5/2020

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Fascinating Insights—The Sefer (in English)

Great Geula

There are many parallels between Yovel and Shavuos.

1) We are taught in regard to Yovel וקראתם דרור בארץ,[1] proclaim freedom throughout the land. Similarly, in regard to Torah (Shavuos) the Mishna saysאין לך בן חורין אלא מי שעוסק בתלמוד תורה, there is no one as free as one who engages in the study of Torah.[2] Furthermore, the Ramban teaches us that Shavuos is the conclusion from Pesach—זמן חרותנו.

2) Concerning Yovel we are told וספרת,[3] you should count seven cycles of Shemita years. This is just as we do in the days that lead up to Shavuos—Sefira—as it says וספרתם לכם.[4]

3) Yovel is the 50th year just as Shavuos is the 50th day from the start of Sefira.

4) The Shofar heralds in Yovel. Likewise, at Matan Torah the Shofar was blown.[5] Furthermore, the term used for Shofar there is Yovel as it says במשך היובל, upon an extended blast of the Shofar.[6]

5) Yovel is the idea of returning to the source. This is seen by a field and slaves as it saysושבתם איש אל אחזתו ואיש אל משפחתו תשובו,[7] you shall return each man to his ancestral heritage and you shall return each man to his family. This is just as when one throws an object up, it must come down—gravity. We see the same at Matan Torah since we went back to our source since we died twice as it says נפשי יצאה בדברו. The Krias Hatorah on Shavuos is from Parshas Yisro, a convert—returning to the source.[8] Moreover, on Shavuos we read Rus who also converted. She came back to the source and as it says השבה משדי מואב, who returned from the fields of Moav.[9] Additionally, מואב yields a sum of 49 referring to the 49 levels of impurity and that is what we work on by Sefira. Rus comes to בית לחם יהודה. Observing its initials we see it spells[10] יבל.[11]

 

בית לחם is the source of Moshiach as we say in Lecha Dodi על יד בן ישי בית הלחמי, through Yishai, the Bethlehemite. Thus it says או דדו או בן דדו יגאלנו[12] (the simple meaning is in regard to a Jew owned by a non-Jew, his uncle or his cousin should redeem him) as דדו consists of the same letters as דוד. בן דדו rearranged spells בן דוד.[13]

 

Every Jew has Geula as it says לבלתי ידח ממנו נדח, no one be banished from him.[14] This is the meaning in גאולה תהיה לו[15] as each Jew will have his Geula. The first letters of י-ה-ו-ה ושבו בנים לגבולם spell יובל as it is the idea of getting back to the source.[16] It says לי בני ישראל, the children of Israel are servants to me, in regard to Yovel. Noticing its initials, we see it again spells יובל since on Yovel we go back to the source, Hashem, as we areעבדי ה'.[17] Similarly, by Shavuos we become עבדי ה' and we are no longer עבדי פרעה as this is the conclusion of Pesach where it says שלח את עמי ויעבדוני. The Baal Haturim[18] points out that the terminology of Geula is mentioned 19 times in Parshas Behar. These correspond to the 19 Brachos in Shemoneh Esrei.[19] The Pasuk או דדו או בן דדו יגאלנו (which is the same letters as דוד as we mentioned before) corresponds to ולירושלים עירך!

 

Rabbi Alt merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai Friedlander Ztz”l for close to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman Nechemia Goldberg. Rabbi Alt has written on numerous topics for various websites and publications. He lives with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim where he studies, writes and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching Jews of all levels of observance.



[1] Vayikra 25:10. דרוד is rooted in the word דר, to dwell since he can dwell where he wants and is not under the domain of others (Rashi וקראתם).

[2] Avos 6:2.

[3] Vayikra 25:8.

[4] Vayikra 23:15. Actually, it is called Shavuos—weeks—since it is comprised of the weeks of Sefira that we improved ourselves.

[5] Shemos 19:13. Shofar is the source just as קול has no words. Indeed, the Targum on Shofar is יובלא (See Vayikra 25:10, Rashi s.v. Yovel. Shemos, 19:13, Rashi s.v. Hayovel and Unkolos there).

[6] Also, Shofar symbolizes freedom [Thus, שופר is the same equivalent as ירושלם (missing a י as it is spelled this way many times in Nach), 586, since this represents Yerushalayim in its exile state.]  as in תקע בשופר גדול לחרותינו. The same is with Shavuos as it is also the idea of freedom.

[7] Vayikra 25:10. The Gemara (Bechoros 55) tells us the Euphrates is the source of the other waters in the world and another name for it is יובל as it says ועל יובל ישלח שרשיו, spreads out its roots along a brook (Yirmiya 17:8).

[8] A convert has a Jewish Neshama. It is just lost among the non-Jews and has no rest until the person becomes Jewish.

[9] Rus 1:22.

[10] Furthermore, Moshiach comes from Rus.

[11] Yovel is also spelled missing the ו as in Vayikra 25:50.

[12] Vayikra 25:49.

[13] See Baal Haturim 25:49.

[14] Shmuel 2,14:14.

[15] Vayikra 25:48. It may take Gehinom or a Gilgul but every Jew has Geula. The Arizal says even ישו has…after 50,000 Yovels.

[16] Emunas Itecha, Behar-Bechukosai, תשמח.

[17] Vayikra 25:55, 42.

[18] Vayikra 25:52.

[19]  This alludes to the idea to be סומך גאולה לתפלה (Brachos 9b).

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