Questions and answers for the Shabbos table:
1- How many Mitzvos are listed in this weeks parsha?
2a- How does one become a servant?
He steals and can’t afford to pay it back- the court sells him in order to pay it
2b- How must one treat his slave on a deoraisa level?
The Torah says explicitly that one must treat his slaves as if he/she were part of the household
Same food, clean bed, etc.
2c- How about the servants wife and children?
The master must give the servants family the same necessities
2d- How long is one a servant for?
3- Crimes Against Others:
3a- What’s the punishment for murder, kidnapping, and hitting or cursings one parents?
The death penalty
3b- Additionally, what must one do if he causes damages; such as the medical bills, his pain, etc.?
The money he would have made from work that he missed, and any embarrassment the injury causes him.
3c- What’s the name of the city someone goes if he accidentally killed somebody?
He’s executed/killed there
4- Misbehaving Animals:
4a- If an owners’ cattle or animal runs off and kills somebody, is the owner responsible?
No, unless this has happened before, in which the owner should’ve been more aware
4b- If somebody digs a pit, forgets to fill it in, and an animal falls in and dies, what’s the din?
The person who made the pit is responsible, and must pay the full amount of the animal
5- Taking Care of Someone Else’s Stuff:
5a- What must one do if he has possession of something that belongs to a peer, and it get’s ruined or destroyed?
He must pay for it (depending on the guardian)
5b- What are the different types of guardians?
An unpaid guardian- he’s just doing a favor, so he’s not responsible for anything
A paid guardian- If it gets lost or stolen, he is responsible, however, if it gets stolen via armed robbery, he’s not liable
A borrower- He’s liable regardless of what happens, unless the owner is with him at the time of the incident
6- Different Ways We Must Be Nice:
6a- The Torah commands up to be extra nice to which type of people?
Widows, strangers, orphans
6b- When a Jew lends something out, what must he be careful NOT to do?
6c- What’s the special din regarding collateral?
If you did in fact take collateral, you must give it back to him before the day is over, just in case he needs it at night
6d- When may a newly-born animal be brought as a karbon?
When it’s 8 days old
7- Laws for Courts and Judging:
7a- What is the 9th commandment in the Aseret Hadibrot?
Don’t testify falsely against a friend
What if it’s a poor person?
You still must be honest and truthful, no matter how bad you feel for the guy
8- Shemitah and the Holidays:
8a- What may you do the first 6 years of the cycle?
You may prepare the land, plant seeds, take care of the plants, and harvest the fruits and vegetables.
8b- How about the seventh year?
You can’t do any work on the land
8c- Where else do we see that you work for six days and rest on the 7th?
8d- What are the Shalosh Regalim?
Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkos
9- Meat and Milk:
9a- What’s the last mitzvah given in this weeks parsha?
The separation of meat and milk
10- To conclude this weeks parsha, what does God promise Klal Yisroel?
11- How long is Moshe on Har Sinai for?
40 days and 40 nights