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Analyzing the נשיאים, we notice that two of them caused turmoil: the Nasi of Reuven
who was involved in the congregation of Korach and Shimon’s Nasi who was Zimri-
the one who caused the plague in which 24,000 people died.
It therefore is no wonder that the Parshiyos of Korach, Balak, and Pinchas are
read this time of year (in the summer).
The Tur tells us that the twelve tribes
correspond to the twelve months.
Reuven who is fourth in the order of the Degalim corresponds to Tamuz, the
fourth month whereas Shimon connects with Av as he was the fifth in the
Degalim, corresponding to the fifth month.
When we combine the initials of ראובן and שמעון, we get the wordרש ; impoverished, because these are the months of the year that
These are high months that
have fallen very low as in מאיגרא רם לבירא עמיקתא; from a high roof to a
This is just as the higher the place one drops an object from, the further down
it will fall. These months are נופלים; fallen and כפופים; bent, but Hashem supports them as it says סומך י-ה-ו-ה לכל הנופלים וזוקף לכל הכפופים; Hashem supports all the fallen ones and
straightens all the bent,
as in the future, these days will be happy days. It comes as no surprise that סומך י-ה-ו-ה לכל הנופלים has an identical Gematria to תמוז (453). How about the sum
of לכל הכפופים (321)? It is the same as חודש אב, as this month is that
of כפופים, since the beginning of the month until after Tisha B’av is in
the dominion of the Satan.
Observing nature we notice
that the darkest months are in the winter in contrast to the summer months
which are filled with light. This is because in truth these months are that of
true light as it says צום הרביעי וצום החמישי...לששון ולשמחה
ולמעדים טובים; the fasts of the 17th of Tamuz and the 9th
of Av will be to the house of Yehuda for joy, gladness and for happy festivals.
In Lecha Dodi we say בעמק הבכה רב לך שבת; too long have you dwelled in the valley
of weeping. Another interpretation given is that רב לך שבת- the highest Shabbosim
are בעמק הבכה, the ones that are in the valley of tears; the Shabbosim of the
As the three weeks progress, the mourning gets more intense. Parshas Devarim
which coincides with Tisha B’av makes it the most intense of the three. In
fact, the Pasuk states איכה אשא לבדי, which is read with the same trop (tune)
as איכה ישבה בדד.
Additionally, Parshas Devarim begins אלה
הדברים. אלה has a Gematria of 36, the same as איכה. Consequently, the
Shabbos of Parshas Devarim is the highest Shabbos of the three weeks.
The low months of Tamuz and Av
came as a result of the sin of the Meraglim. Of the twelve Meraglim, only two didn’t
sin- Yehoshua and Kalev. It, therefore, is no wonder that the two Moshiachs
come from them- משיח בן יוסף from
Efraim (Yehoshua) and משיח בן דוד from
That is to say, being that the Meraglim caused us to be in Galus, the
rectification- the ones to remove us from Galus- are from those that didn’t
sin. Then we will see חסדי ה' כי לא תמנו...;
Hashem’s kindness surely has not ended and therefore will bring Moshiach, as כי is an
acronym for לבכ and הושעי, since
this is whom Moshiach comes from.
R’ Alt merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai
Friedlander Ztz”l for close to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman
Nechemia Goldberg. R’ Alt has written on numerous topics for various websites
and publications. He lives with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim
where he studies, writes and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching
Jews of all levels of observance.
Bamidbar 10. Bnei Yissoschar, Tamuz Av 1:3.
Additionally, when theנשיאים brought the
dedication offerings, Reuven’s was the fourth and Shimon’s was the fifth
(Bamidbar 7:30, 36).
A similar expression is found in Devarim 1:6.
Oheiv Yisroel, Meor V’Shemesh in Rimzei Bein
Hamitzarim. Emunas Itecha, Devarim. Nesivos Shalom, Devarim, Shabbos Chazon. In
fact, the Kedushas Levi tells us that on
Shabbos Chazon every Jew is shown the third Beis Hamikdash.
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