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The Day Of The Gid Hanashe
The most stringent fasts are
Tisha B’av and Yom Kippur. We know Yom Kippur is mentioned in the Torah but
where is Tisha B’av mentioned? Maybe we should observe
Tisha B’av with Ahavas Chinam. Who said we should fast?
We are taught the 365 sinews
on one’s body correspond to the 365 negative commandments and to the 365 days
of the year. The Zohar tells us the Gid Hanashe
corresponds to Tisha B’av. The Zohar also informs us that the fight of Yaakov
and the Malach of Esav occurred on Tisha B’av. The Kisvei Arizal therefore
says eating on Tisha B’av is like eating from the Gid Hanashe as this is the
area Yaakov was hit in.
The Pasuk there states על כן לא יאכלו בני ישראל את גיד הנשה...; the Jewish people are not to eat the Gid
Hanashe to this day.
This alludes to that we should fast on Tisha B’av. Moreover, את are the initials תשעה אב. The four fasts we
observe because of the Churban- the 10th of Teves, Tzom Gedalya, the
17th of Tamuz and Tisha B’av are alluded to in the word גיד. ג has a numerical value 3 alluding to Tzom Gedalya,
the third day in the month of Tishrei.
Also, ג is the first letter of גדלי-ה. The י alludes to the 10th of Teves as it has a Gematria of
10. Adding up the letters of גיד we get to a sum of 17
referring to the 17th of Tamuz. The Gid Hanashe itself refers to
The first Beis Hamikdash was
destroyed because of sins בין אדם למקום; between
man and Hashem- the three cardinal sins. The second was destroyed because ofבין
אדם לחבירו; between man and his friend- שנאת
This is alluded to in כי שרית עם אלה-ים ועם
אנשים ותוכל;you have striven with the
Divine and with man and have overcome. עם
to בין אדם למקום and ועם אנשים to בין
אדם לחבירו. When we succeed in these areas, then the third Beis Hamikdash
R’ Alt merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai
Friedlander Ztz”l for close to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman
Nechemia Goldberg. R’ Alt has written on numerous topics for various websites
and publications. He lives with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim
where he studies, writes and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching
Jews of all levels of observance.
See Sefer Hachinuch, Mitzva
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