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COMING SOON Bez"H
Fascinating Insights—The Sefer (in English)
Tosafos Yom Tov tells us that the Haftarahs were
established when the wicked אנטיוכס—the king of יון—outlawed public reading of the
Torah. The sages of the time, therefore, established
the custom of reading a topic from the Neviim (prophets) similar to what was supposed to be read
from the Torah.
Indeed, the Avudraham
tells us the word הפטרה is rooted in פטור, exempt, as they were
now exempt, having fulfilled Krias Hatorah.
So the Haftarah was in place of Krias Hatorah. As a
result, there is a minimum of 21 Pesukim in a given Haftarah, corresponding to
the seven Aliyos of Krias Hatorah since each Aliya requires at least three
Pesukim (7 multiplied by 3 is 21).
Another allusion is the following: The one who receives the Aliya of
recites seven Brachos—one before and after his Aliya and five on the Haftarah.
This hints to the seven Aliyos of Krias Hatorah.
Also, the five Brachos on the Haftarah hints to the five books of Chumash.
merited to learn under the tutelage of R’ Mordechai Friedlander Ztz”l for close
to five years. He received Semicha from R’ Zalman Nechemia Goldberg. Rabbi Alt
has written on numerous topics for various websites and publications. He lives
with his wife and family in a suburb of Yerushalayim where he studies, writes
and teaches. The author is passionate about teaching Jews of all levels of
Maftir is the Aliya which is given to the person who
will recite the Haftarah (or the one who will recite the blessings for the
Haftarah). Since the Haftarah is culled from Neviim, it would
seem disrespectful to the Torah if someone was called to read only from Neviim,
thereby indicating Neviim to be of equal importance as the Torah (Shulchan Aruch Harav 282:10). To ensure the
proper respect for the Torah, the rabbis instituted that the one reciting the
Haftarah should also receive the last Aliya which is read from the Torah
(Megilla 23a). This Aliya is called מפטיר, the verb form of the word הפטרה, since its function is to enable the Haftarah to be read.